This southernmost town of Bosnia and Herzegovina is only 28km away from the city of Dubrovnik. Going about 10 kilometers further, you can reach Herceg-Novi in Montenegro. If you head up north, after two hours of driving, you will find Mostar. Therefore, Trebinje is often a resting place for those that want to grab a cup of coffee before continuing their travels. However, the indisputable beauty of Trebinje is big reason for some tourists to visit.
Trebinje ranks with Mostar and Stolac in terms of beauty but fortunately escaped the fates of these two towns and was not heavily damaged during the war, leaving its old town intact.
The old town of Trebinje dates back to the beginning of the 18th century. Today’s old town, Kastel, has emerged from a former trade-craft center.
Almost so in Herzegovina there is no city that is not built on the banks of the river. Trebinje is considered to be the city of sun and stone. But Trebinje is something much more than that.
Trebinje is no exception: the old part of the town is lying on the banks of the Trebisnjica River, one of the largest steelmaking in Europe, which flows through the heart of the city. River and the city were always known for their old mills – the ones on the river Trebišnjica. Even though they are not in full function today, they remain a symbol, not so long ago of Herzegovina, as it all directly depended on the power of nature.
There were many different settlers in the history of Trebinje. First came the Illyrians, then came the Greek, Romans and lastly Slovenians in the 7. century. The empire of Ottomans and Austro-Hungarians left an important mark on the architecture as well. Therefore, there are many places of worship for Catholics, Orthodox and Muslims. The Cathedral of The Blessed Virgin Mary’s Birth is located on the town square. The Cathedral of Transfiguration of Jesus is located in the town park. Finally, the Ottoman’s and Emperor’s mosque are in the old part of the town.
The Old Town and Fort Kastel, which were named by the town’s folks have been built in 1715. The Museum of Hercegovina, the narrow alleys, causeways and gates especially the most famous one Anđelkina where the tv series ”Ranjeni Orao” were shoot make this part of the town authentic and interesting for the tourists.
Emperor Constantine has allegedly built many abbeys including Duži, Zavala, Dobrićevo and Tvrdoš. They serve as a proof for the spirituality and tradition caring in this area.
In Trebinje, that power of nature was bigger before the river had been curtailed by the Grancarevo dam, some 15 km north-east from Trebinje. This dam was bound to swallow the Arslanagic Bridge.
This dam would surely flood the Arslanagica Bridge, built in 1574. In order to save this beautiful example of Ottoman stone bridging, the bridge was demolished in 1965 and the rock stone was moved from a village just a few kilometers down the river to the city center.
Klobuk is the largest fortress in Trebinje. It is located at the very border of Herzegovina with Montenegro. It is assumed that it was built in the 9th century and that Pavlimir and Tešimir, the Slovenian princes of Krajina, were buried there. Since the XII century, this region was part of the state of Nemanjic, until 1377 when it was under the extended Bosnian state. Today there are only the remains of the ramparts.